Currently staff of the Institute is working on following Research Projects

A. Imbalanced Sex Ratio & Bridal Trafficking in Haryana

Haryana- one of the states of India has the unconvinced distinction of having the most awful sex ratio. As a consequence in many villages boys are not finding girls for marriage and thus the bridal immigration move is on in Haryana. The demand for bride in Haryana is also being fulfilled by human trafficking. The main objectives of the research study are: (a) to examine the factors responsible for bridal trafficking in Haryana; (b) identify the bridal traffickers and analyses the immigration route as well as transit points for bridal trafficking; (c) to look in to the special measures undertaken by governmental and non-governmental organizations as well as other stakeholders to address the plight of these trafficked brides; and (d) suggest plan of action to address the problems of trafficked brides in the region.

B. Estimation of Missing Girls in Haryana: Analysis of Birth and Death Registration Data

According to Census of India 2011 sex ratio of Haryana is 877 females per 1000 males. The scenario of the child sex ratio (830) in the 0-6 age group is further disappointing. The Census data illustrate that there is wide variation in the sex ratio from one district to another in the state. Till date data on the sex ratio at birth has not released by the Census of India 2011. However, in state of Haryana there is plenty improvement in the coverage of the data on birth and death registration under the civil registration system (CRS). In this state CRS has grown up as a source of regular information in monitoring sex ratio at birth, family welfare programme and institutionalized deliveries. Keeping above facts in view, in this research study an attempt is being made to examine the dynamics of sex ratio at birth in Haryana using Civil Registration System (CRS) data for the year 2010. The paper would estimate missing girls due to adverse sex-ratio at birth and its demographic and social implications in the state of Haryana. The findings of the study will be useful for future policy interventions to rectify the condition for improving child sex ratio and missing girls in the state.

C. Role of Women’s Leadership in Panchayati Raj Institutions in Development of Villages in Haryana

Social and economic status of women in India is generally poor, especially in the rural areas. To empower women’s rights and increase their political participation, 73rd constitutional amendment plays a significant role which mandates the one third of the total seats in gram panchayats to be reserved for women. This study depicts the role of women’s leadership in Panchayati Raj Institutions in Haryana by assessing their autonomy in decision making, family and social pressures, rate of overall women empowerment in the villages, impact of female reservations on service delivery mechanism and quality of governance by improving social and economic outcomes such as education, health, sanitation, drinking water, corruption, infrastructure and welfare of common people. An extensive survey of 50 female headed Panchayats in various districts of Haryana provides us a coherent picture of success of female reservations in Panchayats in emancipating women’s rights and quality of governance in local bodies analysed with the help of both quantitative and qualitative techniques.

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